Finely ground, natural or synthetic, inorganic or organic, insoluble particles that, when dispersed in a liquid vehicle to make paint, may provide color and other properties, including opacity, hardness, durability, and corrosion resistance. The term is used to include extenders as well as white or colored pigments. (Note: The distinction between powders that are pigments and those that are dyes is generally made on the basis of solubility, pigments being insoluble and dispersed in the material, and dyes being soluble or in solution as used.

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